Whether I-section steel is ordinary or light, because the section size is relatively high and narrow, the moment of inertia of the two main axes of the section is quite different, so it can only be directly used for members bent in the plane of their web or form lattice stressed members. It is not suitable for axial compression members or members with bending perpendicular to the web plane, which makes it very limited in the scope of application. I-beam is widely used in buildings or other metal structures.
Due to the relatively high and narrow section size of ordinary I-beam and light I-beam, the moment of inertia of the two main axes of the section is quite different, which makes it very limited in the scope of application. The use of I-beam shall be selected according to the requirements of design drawings.
When selecting I-beam in structural design, reasonable I-beam shall be selected according to its mechanical properties, chemical properties, weldability and structural size.